GLOSSARY

(Revision 6)

Note: Some of the words and phrases used in Karate may not be correct Japanese. The language we use in Karate has evolved over a long period of time and has some different meanings to modern Japanese.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A
Age hiji ate Rising elbow strike
Age uke Rising block
Age zuki Rising punch
Ai hanmi A ready position where both exponents have the same leg forward
Ai hanmi katate dori A cross grip on the opponent's wrist in ai hanmi
Aikido Martial art based on harmony of body and spirit
Aikidoka Practitioner of Aikido
Aiki Jo Jo techniques practiced in Aikido
Aiki Jutsu Classical martial art from which Aikido was developed
Aiki ken Sword techniques practiced in Aikido
Ai uchi Simultaneous techniques by both contestants
Arnis Filipino stick & knife fighting system (also known as "Escrima")
Ashi Leg, foot
Ashi barai Foot sweep
Ashibo kake uke Leg hooking block (usually against mawashi geri)
Ashikubi Ankle
Ashikubi kake uke Ankle hooking block (from Sanseiru kata)
Ashi waza Leg technique
Atemi striking the body, esp. the vital points
Atemi waza Techniques of attacking vital points
Awase The act of crossing weapons or coming to grips with an opponent
Awase zuki Two handed U punch
Ayumi ashi 'Natural' stepping - footwork in which leg pass on each step with no sliding

B
Bagua "Eight Trigrams Palm", Internal Martial art system
Barai Sweep
Bei Quan (lit. Northern Boxing) Chinese styles developed north of the Yangtze
Biu Tze 3rd Wing Chun form ("thrusting fingers")
Bo 6 ft long staff about 1 inch in diameter at the ends
Bo Jutsu Art of the Bo
Bo Kamae Bo Postures
" Chudan kamae Middle level combatative posture
" Gedan kamae Low level combatative posture
" Jodan kamae High level combatative posture
" Waki kamae Javelin hold combatative posture
" Hasso kamae (see below)
Bo Uke Bo Defences
" Soto uke Outer block
" Uchi uke Inner block
" Sukui uke Sliding up block
" Gedan uke Low block
" Harai uke Sweeping block
Bo Seme Bo Attacks
" Nuki zuki Sliding thrust
" Maede zuki Front hand thrust
" Gedan zuki Low thrust
" Jodan uchi Overhead strike
" Furiage uchi Upward strike
" Yoko uchi Side strike
" Ura uchi Back strike
Bong sau Wing block
Bu Military affairs
Budo Martial arts for personal development rather than purely for combat
Budo ka Martial arts practitioner
Bugei Classical Japanese combatative arts
Bu jutsu Martial arts
Bunkai Applications or interpretations of Kata
Bushi Warrior class
Bushido Moral code, ethic of the warrior (lit. Way of the Warrior)
Bushi no te "Warrior's hands" - an early name for Tode or Karate

C
Chen style taiji said to be the original form of taiji - characterized by having both soft and slow & hard and fast movements
Chi ( J Ki) Internal energy (as opposed to pure physical power)
Chikara Strength
Chikara kurabe A fighting art involving kicking and emphasising strength
Chi kung Exercises related to development of "Chi"
Chi sau Wing Chun "pushing hands" exercise
Chi ma Shih Mandarin: Horse riding stance
Chin Battle, Spearhand (pronounced "Shin")
Chi ishi Stone lever training weight
Choku zuki Straight punch
Choy Lay Fut Southern Kung fu style founded in 1836
Chuan Fist
Ch'uan fa "Fist way"
Chudan Middle level
Chudan no kamae A common kamae (ready posture)
Chudan uke Middle level block
Chudan zuki Chest punch
Chui Warning for contact in a competitive match
Chum Kiu 2nd Wing Chun form ("arm seeking")

D
Dachi Stance
Da Mo Mandarin for Bodhidharma founder of the Shaolin tradition
Dan Man, Black Belt grade
Dao (C Tao) (J Do) (Mandarin:lit. the Way/Path) denotes a martial art as opposed to system
Dan Step / Degree / Advance grade
Shodan: 1st Dan Black belt - one red stripe
Nidan: 2nd Dan Black belt - two red stripes
Sandan: 3rd Dan Black belt - three red stripes
Yondan: 4th Dan Black belt - four red stripes
Godan: 5th Dan Black belt with longitudinal red stripe
Rokudan: 6th Dan Red belt with longitudinal black stripe
Nanadan: 7th Dan Red belt
Hachidan: 8th Dan Red belt with longitudinal white stripe
Kudan: 9th Dan White belt with longitudinal red stripe
Judan: 10th Dan White Belt
Dan zuki Consecutive punching
De cadena Filipino hand trapping drill
Deshi See Ushideshi
Dim mak Death point strikes
Do Japanese for Dao
Dojo ( C Kwoon) (Training) hall. In Okinawa the term is also used for a group of students or the location at which they train.
Dojo Kun The Dojo rules or mottos

E
Escrima Filipino stick & knife fighting system (also known as "Arnis")
Escrimador Practitioner of Escrima
Embu Pre arranged two person training technique
Empi Elbow
Empi uchi Elbow strike
Enoy Relax

F
Five Animal styles Crane, dragon, leopard, tiger, snake
Focus Ability to concentrate and apply all energy on a specific target at the split second of contact
Fudoshin Immovable mind
Fukyugata A Kata (lit. "Promotional Kata" or "Fundamental Kata")
Fumikiri A kick with the edge of the foot to the opponent's knee
Fumikomi geri Stamping kick
Fumi waza Stamping (techniques)
Funakoshi, Gichin Founder of Shotokan Karate
Furi zuki Roundhouse punch

G
Gaeshi Follow up counter technique after a block (also written Kaeshi)
Gaiwan Outer Forearm (thumb side)
Gari Reaping technique with the leg (also kari)
Gaun sau Splitting block (Wing Chun)
Gedan A lower level
Gedan barai Circular downward block
Gedan gaeshi Circular movement with the Jo aimed at the lower part of the opponents body.
Gedan haiwan uke Lower "back arm" block
Gedan shuwan uke Lower "palm arm" block
Gedan teisho barai Circular downward palm heel block
Gedan uke Low block (Blocking)
Gedan zuki Lower area punch
Geiko Training
Gekisai Destroy & demolish, attack & smash
Gekisai dai ichi/ni Kata developed in 1940 by Chojun Miyagi
Geri Kicking techniques
Geta Clogs
Gi Uniform used by practitioners of many Martial Arts
Giri Duty or obligation arising from personal honor or pride
Gohon kumite Five step sparring (Shorin styles)
Goju Hard / Soft
Goju Ryu Style of Okinawan Karate systematised by Chojun Miyagi
Gosoku Ryu Modern system of Karate developed by Takayuki Kubota in the USA
Gum sau Pinning hand Wing Chun (equiv. to Jap. "Osae uke)
Gung fu see Kung fu
Gyaku Reverse
Gyaku hanmi a ready position in which opponents have opposite feet forward
Gyaku hanmi katate dori A mirror image grip on the opponent's wrist in gyaku hanmi
Gyaku mawashi geri Reverse roundhouse kick
Gyaku waza Joint lock techniques
Gyaku Yoko men Side strike at the right side of the opponent's head
Gyaku zuki Reverse punch

H
Habaki the sleeve or collar that fits over the blade of a sword at its juncture with the guard (zuba)
Hachiji dachi Natural, shoulder width stance ("fig.8" stance)
Hai Yes
Haishu Back hand
Haishu uchi Back hand strike
Haishu uke Back hand block
Haisoku Instep (top of the foot)
Haisoku mawashi geri Instep roundhouse kick
Haito uchi Ridge hand strike
Haiwan nagashi uke Back of arm sweeping block (for face punch)
Haiwan uke Top of forearm block
Hajime Begin, commence, "go"
Hakama Long, divided skirt covering the legs to the feet
Hanmi Half facing position (body at 45 degree angle)
Hanshi The highest of three master titles (awarded to some 8th - 10th Dans)
Hansoku Foul
Hantei Decision
Han zenkutsu dachi Half front stance
Hara Belly, lower abdomen, concept of spiritual centre
Harai Sweeping movement with the arm or leg or a weapon
Haragei Art of developing Hara
Hasami Scissors
Hasami zuki Scissors punch
Hasso Kamae Posture where the Jo, Bo or Sword (Ken or Bokken) is held vertically at the right shoulder
Heiko dachi Parallel foot (shoulder width) stance
Heiko zuki Parallel punch
Heisoku dachi Attention stance (feet together)
Heng One of the 5 basic movements of xing yi (crossing) (earth)
Hen o Responding
Hidari Left
Hidari zuki Left punch
Hiji ate (empi) Elbow strike
Hiji uchi (empi) Elbow strike
Hiki uke Open hand circular block

Hiki ashi - withdrawing the front leg
Hiki ayumi ashi - withdraw the front leg then step over

Hikiwake Drawn match
Hira nukite zuki Horizontal finger thrust
Hiraki ashi - step and pivot around on the front foot so as to turn up to 180 degrees

Hiraken Fore knuckle fist
Hiraken zuki Fore knuckle fist straight punch
Hiza (hitsu) Knee
Hiza geri Knee kick
Hojo Undo are the traditional body conditioning exercises done during class. They consist of any exercises, strengthening drills, stretches and movements that aid the karate techniques.
Hombu / Honbu Main dojo, headquarters
xing yi Form/Mind or Will. An "Internal" system (created 12th century)
Hyoshi Timing

I
Ibuki Breathing method common to many martial arts including Goju-ryu
ie House (Japanese)
iie No! (Japanese)
in yo yin-yang (Japanese)
Ikkyo lit. "First lesson" - First pinning technique
Ippon One (referee"s call when a point is scored)
Ippon ken One knuckle fist
Ippon ken zuki One knuckle fist straight punch
Ippon kumite Conventional assault with one attack
Ippon nukite One finger spear hand
Ippon shobu One point contest
Irimi Forward step avoiding head on collision
Irimi ashi - entering and pivoting around on both feet to turn up to 180 degrees
Irimi nage An "entering" throw
Isshin-ryu A hybrid karate style developed in 1954 by Tatsuo Shimabuku (a
combination of Goju-ryu and Shorin-ryu)
Itosu Yasutsune (Anko) a master of Shuri-te who studied under Matsumura Sokon; the teacher of Gichin Funakoshi

J
Jiyu Free
Jiyu-dachi Free stance - an informal version of "han-zenkutsu"
Jiyu ippon kumite Semi free one step sparring
Jiyu-kumite Free sparring
Jo 4 ft staff (also "Jo")- used in aikido, Jo-jutsu, Jodo and Okinawan kobudo
Jodan Upper level
Jodan gaeshi Circular movement with the Jo aimed at the upper part of the opponent's body
Jodan zuki High level (face) punch
Jogai chui Warning for leaving contest area
Jodo "Way of the stick"
Jo-jutsu An older more combat oriented martial art than Jodo
Ju (Jiyu) Soft, pliable, free (and the number ten)
Ju dachi (Jiyu dachi) Free stance
Judan 10th Dan
Judo A Japanese martial arts based sport developed from Ju-jutsu in 1882
Judoka Judo practitioner
Juji uke X block (also known as kosa uke)
Ju jutsu "Art of flexibility", method of combat used by samurai when unarmed
Ju kumite (Jiyu kumite) Free sparring
Junbi undo warmup and conditioning exercises
Jut sau Jerking block (Wing Chun)
Jutsu Art or Skill - usually indicates a more combat orientated form of martial art
Jo 4ft staff (also "Jo")- used in aikido, Jo-jutsu, Jodo and Okinawan kobudo
Jo suburi Practice strikes:
(Thrusting Movements)
" suburi 1 Choku zuki
" suburi 2 Kaeshi zuki
" suburi 3 Ushiro zuki
" suburi 4 Zuki Gedan gaeshi
" suburi 5 Zuki Jodan gaeshi
(Striking Movements)
" suburi 6 Shomen Uchikomi
" suburi 7 Renzoku Uchikomi
" suburi 8 Men uchi Gedan gaeshi
" suburi 9 Men uchi Ushiro zuki
" suburi 10 Gyaku Yoko men Ushiro zuki
(Wrist Movements)
" suburi 11 Katate Gedan gaeshi
" suburi 12 Toma Katate uchi
" suburi 13 Katate Hachi no ji gaeshi
(Figure 8 Movements)
" suburi 14 Hasso gaeshi uchi
" suburi 15 Hasso gaeshi zuki
" suburi 16 Hasso gaeshi Ushiro zuki
" suburi 17 Hasso gaeshi Ushiro uchi
" suburi 18 Hasso gaeshi Ushiro harai
(Flowing Movements)
" suburi 19 Hidari Nagare Gaeshi uchi
" suburi 20 Migi Nagare Gaeshi uchi

K
Ka Person or practitioner (as in Karateka or Judoka)
Kachinuki a training drill where a trainee faces consecutive opponents until defeated his last opponent taking his place until he too is defeated.
Kage uke Hooking block (see also "Kake uke)
Kage zuki Hook punch
Kai Association (eg: "Goju-kai")
Kaisho Open hand
Kaiten spin, turn, wheel round, revolve
Kaiten ashi - pivoting around on one foot so as to turn up to 180 (usually 90) degrees
Kaiten gari Wheel reap
Kaji uke forward inner palm block to thigh
Kakato Heel
Kakato geri Heel kick
Kake a hooking, pulling action
Kake dameshi Tests of strength
Kake uke Hooking block
Kake waza Hooking (techniques)
Kakie A "Pushing hands" exercise
Kakiwake uke Wedge block
Kakuto Bent wrist, the top surface of the wrist
Kakuto uke (ko uke) Bent wrist block
Kama sickle
Kamae A "ready to fight" position
Kamaitte Action
Kami Shinto spirit / deity
Kamikaze lit: "Divine wind". World War II suicide pilots
Kancho Master of the House
Kanji Chinese Ideograms as used by the Japanese
Kansetsu Joint
Kansetsu geri joint kick - usually to knee
Kara One character - "Empty"; Another Character - "Chinese" (referring to the T'ang Dynasty
Karate "Hands of T'ang" ("Chinese Hands"), "Empty Hands"
Karate-do "Way of the Empty Hand"
Karate-jutsu an alternative reading of "Tode-jutsu"
Karateka Specialist in karate
Kata Form. A collection of techniques performed in a pre arranged way in order to mould the practitioner in a style / system.
Kata ashi dori/tori One leg hold (throw)
Kata gatame a shoulder hold
Kata garuma Shoulder wheel throw
Katate one handed
Katate dori wrist grab with one hand
Katate dori ryotemochi wrist grab with both hands
Katsu / Kappo Resuscitation methods
Kau sau Circling block
Kazumi Jab
Keage Rising
Keito Chicken beak strike with bunched fingertips
Keito uke Chicken head wrist block (before shotei uke in Ch. Nukite practise)
Kekomi Penetrating (eg. Yokogeri Kekomi)
Ken Fist
Kempo/Kenpo "Fist way" (Chuan fa in Chinese)
Kendo Sword fighting
Kensho concept of universal understanding of nature
Kenjutsu The art of swordsmanship
Kenpo Alternative spelling of Kempo
Keri (geri) Kick
Keri waza Kicking (techniques)
Ki Spirit, inner power (Chi - Chinese)
Kiai Shout, can be silent or audible
Kiba dachi Straddle leg stance (Horse stance)
Kigu Undo is a facet of Hojo Undo making use of traditional Okinawan training implements, such as the chi-ishi (stone lever weight), nigiri-game (gripping jars), makiwara (striking post), ishi-sashi (stone padlock), tan (barbell), kongoken (oval metal weight), makiage-kigu (weighted rope hung from stick).
Kihon Basic (technique/s)
Kihon ippon kumite Basic one step sparring
Kihon kumite Basic sparring
Kime Focus - the explosive energy required to deliver a decisive technique
Kin geri Groin kick
Kinteki Testicles
Kisami zuki Snap or jab punch
Koan Zen riddle or problem
Kobayashi-ryu a style of Shorin-ryu karate
Kobudo Also "Kobujutsu" - Weapons based martial arts
Kohai Junior - opposite of Sempai
Koko (Tora guchi) Tiger mouth hand
Kokutsu dachi Back stance
Kokyu Breath power The coordination of Ki flow with breathing
Kokyu donto Respiration
Kokyu ho Breath extension
Kon Okinawan for Bo
Kosa dachi Crossed feet (twist) stance
Koshi Ball of the foot
Koshi dachi Squat stance
Koshiki karate-do a form of sport karate using full body armour
Ko soto gake small outside hook with foot - used to break opponents balance
Ko soto gari small outside sweep with sole of foot
Kote gaeshi Throw made by an outward turn of the opponents wrist
Ko uchi (Kakuto uchi) Bent wrist strike
Ko uchi gake small inside hook with foot - used to break opponents balance
Ko uchi gari small inside sweep with sole of foot
Ko uke (Kakuto uke) Bent wrist block
Kumade Bear hand
Kumijo Jo versus Jo techniques
Kumitachi Bokken versus Bokken techniques
Kumite Sparring
Kumite shiai jo Fighting contest area
Kumi uchi Ancient grappling art
Kun Motto or oath
Kung fu Generic term for Chinese "external" martial arts (lit. "Hard Work" or "a task that needs to be performed")
Kuo sho Chinese National Martial Arts
Kururunfa A Kata (lit. "Forever stops, peacefulness and tearing")
Kwun sau Rotating arms block (Wing Chun)
Kyokushin kai/karate-do karate style founded by Mas Oyama, well known for its emphasis on strong basics and bare knuckle contact sparring/competition
Kyoshi The second grade of 3 Master titles usually awarded at 7th Dan
Kyu Grade, ranks below Black Belt

L
Lao Tzu "Old man" - Writer of the "Dao De Jing" and founder of Daoism
Long Mandarin: Dragon

M
Ma Mandarin: Horse
Ma-ai a concept that combines distancing, timing and opportunity
Mae Front facing
Mae ashi front leg
Mae empi uchi forward elbow strike - eg: Gekisai kata
Mae geri Front kick
Mae geri keage Front snap kick
Mae geri kekomi Front thrust kick
Mae tobi geri Flying front kick
Mae tsugi ashi forward shuffling step (back leg moves first and legs don't pass)
Mae ude hineri uke Forearm twisting block (from Sanchin / Sanseiru kata)
Mae ukemi forward breakfall
Makiwara Punching board
Ma pu/bu Mandarin: horse stance
Mawashi geri Roundhouse kick
Mawashi zuki Roundhouse punch
Mawari ashi - turning 180 degrees, either by simply pivoting around on the spot or with a step across
Mawatte Turn
Meibukan Goju-ryu style founded by Yagi Meitoku
Men a blow that strikes the head
Migi Right
Migi zenkutsu dachi Right front stance
Mikazuki geri Crescent kick
Mikazuki geri uke Crescent kick block
Miyazato, Eiichi long-time student of Chojun Miyagi, teacher of Morio Higaonna
Miyagi, Chojun founder of Goju-ryu, the most successful of Kanryo Higaonna's students
Mizu no kokoro "A mind like water"
Mokuso Meditation, contemplation
Mondo Zen question and answer
Morote hike uke Double hook wrist block
Morote uke Augmented forearm block
Morote zuki Double fist punch
Mu Nothingness, emptiness; the concept of clearing the mind, alternative reading for bu, which means "martial" as in budo (martial art)
Muchimi "Heavy sticky hand" - Okinawan
Mudansha Non black belt grade holder
Muk Yan Chong Wooden Dummy
Mushin No mind, impassivity
Musubi dachi Informal attention stance, feet together and turned out

N
Nafuda kake Name and rank board indicating hierarchy of the dojo members
Nagashi uke Sweeping block
Nagashi zuki Flowing punch
Nage Throw
Nage waza Throwing (techniques)
Naha te Okinawan school of karate from town of Naha
Naifanchi see Naifunchin
Naifunchin A Kata (lit. "fighting in a horse stance")
Naihanchi see Naifunchin
Naihanji see Naifunchin
Naiwan Inner forearm (little finger side)
Nakadaka ippon ken Middle finger one knuckle fist
Nami ashi Inside snapping block ("returning wave block")
Nami Gaeshi Avoiding a leg sweep by raising the leg
Neko ashi dachi Cat stance
Ne waza groundwork or grappling techniques
Nidan 2nd Dan black belt
Nidan geri Double kick
Nihon nukite Two finger spear hand
Nikajo See Nikkyo
Nikkyo lit. "Second lesson" - Aikido immobilization technique
Ninja trained spies and assassins
Nin-jutsu general term for arts taught to the ninja
Nukite Spear hand straight thrust
Nuki zuki jabbing thrust with a staff
Nukite zuki Finger thrust
Nunchaku weapon made of two short rods joined by a rope or chain

O
O Big, great
Obi Belt, sash
Oi ashi Lunge with the front foot
Oi zuki Lunge punch
Okinawa te "Okinawa hands"
Okuri ashi (Kendo) Footwork identical to Yori ashi except that the right leg is always in front
Osae to hold down, control
Osae uke Pressing block
Osoto gake Major outer hooking throw
Osoto gari Major outer reaping throw
Otagai together; as one
Otagai ni rei 'Bow together with each other' a show of mutual respect after class
Otoshi Dropping
Oyama, Masutatsu Founder of Kyokushin karate

P
bagua see bagua
Pak sau Slap block
P'ao 1 of the 5 basic movements of xing yi (pounding) (fire)
P'eng 1 of the 5 basic movements of xing yi (crushing) (wood)
Peng 'ward off' posture of taiji
P'i 1 of the 5 basic movements of xing yi (splitting) (metal)
Po pai Double palm strike (Wing Chun) - similar to tora guchi

Q
Qi see Chi
Qi gong see Chi-kung
Qin Na Chinese fighting form of grappling and seizing techniques

R
Randori Controlled free style fighting, fluid and continuous
Redonda Arnis drill with two sticks
Rei Salute etiquette, bow
Reigi Courtesy
Ren geri Alternate kicking
Renoji dachi Japanese character for a "tick" stance (also known as "Sankakudai")
Renshi First of 3 master instructor titles usually awarded to 6th Dans
Renshu Practice drill
Ren zuki Combination punching - alternate hands
Renzoku Combination, continuous [techniques]
Rikishi Sumo wrestler
Rokudan 6th Dan black belt
Ryo ashi both feet
Ryote both hands
Ryote dori to grasp both hands of an opponent
Ryu System, Style
Ryu Ru Ko the master who taught Kanryo Higaonna (Higashionna)
Ryukyu Islands Island chain encompassing Okinawa

S
Sai Okinawan kobudo weapon (metal trident)
Saifa A Kata (lit. "smash or beat, ripping, tearing")
Samurai Classical warrior of the feudal period
Sanbon kumite Three step sparring
Sanchin dachi Hour glass stance
Sanchin kata Dynamic tension kata/exercise ( lit. "3 Battles", i.e. mind, body, spirit)
Sandan 3rd Dan black belt
Sankakudai Short stance with feet arranged in the form of a "tick" (also known as Renoji dachi)
Sashi Stone training weights
Sanseiru A Kata (lit. "36 movements", known as "Dragon kata")
San Zhan mandarin pronunciation of 'sanchin'
Sashi Stone or Concrete 'padlock' used for 'Hojo Undo'
Satori Enlightenment, ultimate knowledge
Seiken Fore fist in Japanese
Seiken choku zuki Fore fist straight punch
Seipai A Kata (lit. "18 movements")
Seiryuto Ox jaw hand
Seisan A Kata (lit. "13 movements", known as "Advanced Tiger kata")
Seiunchin A Kata (lit. "Pull off balance and fight", known as "Tiger kata")
Seiza Kneeling position (meditation posture)
Semete Attacker in a kata bunkai practice session
Sempai Senior student or assistant instructor
Sempai ni rei 'Bow to the senior/instructor'
Sen no sen To launch an attack at the same time as one's opponent
Sensei Dojo instructor (note that this term can be applied to any teacher)
Sensei ni mawatte 'Turn to face the instructor'
Sensei ni rei 'Bow to the instructor'
Sesan see Seisan
Sinawali "Weaving" (Filipino) a two stick Arnis practice drill
Shao tran Chinese name for a wrist lock as utilised in "Nikkyo"
Shaolin A Chinese monastery built in 495AD where martial arts was taught
Shiai Contest
Shiburi Sword technique designed to remove blood of the blade
Shihan Master of the art (usually from 4th to 5th Dan)
Shiho Four directional
Shiho nage a throw used in aikido
Shiko dachi Square stance (Sumo stance)
Shime a term used to describe the tension in the sanchin stance
Shimeru to squeeze, close, tie or strangle
Shime waza Choking or strangulation techniques
Shinai Split bamboo sword used in Kendo
Shisochin A Kata (lit. "four face battle")
Shito-ryu A style of karate combining Shorin and Shorei techniques
Shizentai Natural stance
Shobu Competition
Shodan 1st Dan black belt
Shomen Front
Shomen uchi Also called men uchi, a straight strike at the head with the hand or a weapon
Shorei-ryu later name of Naha-te
Shorinji kempo Japanese pronunciation of Shaolin Ch'uan fa (Quanfa)
Shorin-ryu later name of Shuri-te
Shotokan A Japanese karate style based on Shorin-ryu
Shu Ha Ri an expression referring to the 3 stages of training from simple imitation to personal development in the martial arts
Shuri te Okinawan school of karate from town of Shuri
Shuriken the arts of throwing knives and other bladed metal objects
Shuto Knife hand
Shuto uchi Knife hand strike
Shuto uke Knife hand block
Si baak Senior student of the previous generation
Si daih Junior male student of the same generation (equiv. to Jap. "Kohai")
Sifu Teacher (Cantonese)
Si gung Kung fu grandfather (teacher of Sifu)
Si hing Senior male student of the same generation (equiv. to Jap. "Sempai")
Si jou Great grandmaster
Si kung see Si kung
Si Lim Tao 1st Wing Chun form ("little idea")
Sochin dachi Diagonal straddle leg stance
Sokumen awase uke Side combined block
Sokutei Sole of the foot
Sokuto Foot edge
Soto Outside
Soto ude uke Forearm block from outside
Soto uke Exterior block (from outside to inside)
Suburi Single movement using the Bokken or Jo done as a solo practice
Suki Opening
Sukui uke Scooping block
Sumo traditional Japanese wrestling
Sumotori Sumo wrestler (see also Rikishi)
Suparinpei A Kata (lit. "108 movements")
Suri ashi Any footwork that includes sliding where the stance changes or legs pass
Suruchin Okinawan weapon - a rope weighted at both ends
Surujin see Suruchin
Sutemi waza throws in which one's own balance is sacrificed

T
Tachi Japanese sword
Tae Kwon Do Korean karate based on Japanese Shotokan
taiji Ch'uan Grand, Ultimate fist, "Internal" Martial Art system
Tai Jutsu another name for Ju-Jutsu
Tai no henko Basic Body blending practice
Tai sabaki Japanese term for body movement while performing techniques
Tameshigiri Sword test cutting
Tameshiwari Testing by breaking
Tanbo Okinawan name for a pair of Arnis sticks
Tan sau Palm up hand
Tanden A point in the lower abdomen
Tanren Conditioning training
Tanto long knife or short sword
T'an tien Energy centre of body, 5 centimetres below navel
Tate vertical
Tate zuki Vertical fist punch
Te Hand, Early Okinawan martial art
Tekki see Naifanchi
Tenshin Okinawan term for evasive and counterattacking body movements
Tenshinage heaven and earth throw: Aikido
Tenkan Circular movement of body to redirect opponent's power
Tenkan ashi - entering, moving one foot behind the other and pivoting 360 degrees on both feet
Tenshin see Tenshin
Teisho Palm heel
Teisho uchi Palm heel strike
Teisho uke Palm heel block
Teisho zuki Palm heel straight punch
Teisoku Sole
Tekki shodan (Naifunchin) A kata
Tekubi kake uke Wrist hooking block
Tensho A Kata (lit. "Rotating palms" also known as "Rokkisho")
Te nagashi uke Hand sweeping block
Tettsui Hammer fist
Tettsui uchi Hammer fist strike
Tettsui uke Hammer fist block
Te waza Hand technique
Ti Okinawan pronounciation of "Te"
Tobi Jumping
Tobi geri Jumping kick
Tobi tetsui uchi Jumping hammer fist strike
Tode Okinawan: Lit. "Hands of Tang" (pronouced "Toudi") or "Chinese "Hand(s)" (J : "Karate")
Tok sau Lifting hand
Tokui Favourite [technique]
Tomari te Okinawan school of karate from town of Tomari
Tonfa Okinawan kobudo wooden weapon with a side handle
Tora guchi Tiger mouth hand
Toride Japanese for grappling
Torite see Toride
Toudi see Tode
Ts'uan 1 of the 5 basic movements of xing yi (drilling) (water)
Tsugi ashi Shuffling step
Tsukami uke Grasping block
Tsuki (Zuki) A direct attack with the fist
Tsuki no kokoro "A mind like the moon"
Tsuki uke Punching block
Tsuki waza Punching (techniques)
Tuide Okinawan name for grappling

U
Uchi Attack, strike or inside
Uchi komi training drills in which the technique is performed at full power
Uchi ude uke Forearm block from inside
Uchi uke Interior block (from inside to outside)
Uchi waza Striking (techniques)
Ude Forearm
Ude hineri uke Forearm twisting block
Ude kubi wrist
Ude uke Forearm block
Uke Block
Ukemi Breakfall
Ura Opposite, reverse
Uraken Back of the fist
Uraken sayu uchi Back fist strike to the side
Uraken shomen uchi Back fist strike to the front
Ura mawashi geri see Ushiro mawashi geri
Ura zuki Close punch
Ura haito uchi Inverted ridge hand strike
Ushideshi Full time, live in students who dedicate themselves to the art
Ushiro Back
Ushiro empi uchi backwards elbow strike
Ushiro geri Back kick
Ushiro geri keage Back snap kick
Ushiro geri kekomi Back thrust kick
Ushiro jime strangle from behind
Ushiro mawashi geri reverse roundhouse kick

V

W
Wa Japanese for Harmony
Washi de Eagle hand
Wakizashi short sword
Waza Technique(s), skill(s)
Waza ari Near point
Wing Chun Southern Chinese Martial Art (lit. "Beautiful Springtime")
Wu (M, Mu J, Mo C) Nothingness, Emptiness, Concept of clearing the mind of any desire
Wu xing 5 elements, powers. Water, fire, wood, metal, earth.
Wu xing quan 1 of the forms of xing yi involving endless interaction of 5 elements
Wushu Chinese martial arts
Wu Style taiji developed from Yang style by Wu Quan You

X

Y
Yakusoku kumite Pre arranged sparring
Yama zuki Wide U punch ("Mountain punch")
Yame Return to the the starting position
Yang Positive aspect of the Universe
Yang style taiji developed by Yang Lu Chan from the Chen style
Yin Negative aspect of the Universe
Yin Yang Inseparable complement forces of the Universe (harmony & balance)
Yobi undo Okinawan for "Junbi undo"
Yoi Instruction to get prepared
Yoko Side
Yoko empi Side elbow
Yoko geri Side kick
Yoko geri keage Side snap kick
Yoko geri kekomi Side thrust kick
Yoko shuto uchi Side knife hand strike
Yoko tobi geri Flying side kick
Yonhon nukite Spear hand
Yori ashi Dragging step in which the stance is maintained
Yoroi kumi uchi grappling in armour
Yudansha Black Belt holder or higher

Z
Zanchin State of mind calm and fully alert
Za zen Zen meditation (usually seated)
Zen Form of Buddhism based on meditation
Zenkutsu dachi Forward stance
Zuki (Tsuki) A direct attack with the fist
Zuki no kokoro Mind like the moon